Home/Types of Voting

Types of Voting

Booth voting

booth-based-voting.jpg

Booth voting is a type of voting where people cast their vote in-room or cabin. Voters are allowed to cast their votes in private to protect the secrecy of the ballot and to ensure a fair election process.

Generally, voting machines are used in the voting booths or some other form of privacy cover to obscure voters from the view of others.

Steps in Booth Voting :

  1. Be aware of your booth location.
  2. Travel to the booth.
  3. Stand in a queue.
  4. Show identity proof to the booth officer.
  5. Get your finger inked.
  6. Press the button on the EVM to select the candidate.

ePostal ballot

ePostal-ballot.jpg

ePostal ballot voting is a type of voting used in an election where ballot papers are distributed to voters with the help of email. The voter downloads the ballot paper, prints it, marks his vote and again sends it via email.

In an election system, the ePostal ballot system may be used on-demand or limited to individuals meeting certain criteria, such as a proven inability to travel to a designated polling place.

 
Steps in ePostal Voting :

  1. Register yourself as service personnel.
  2. Returning officer of your constituency would send you ePostal ballot, via email around 14 days in advance.
  3. You need to print the ballot, forms and envelops, mark the ballot, place in envelops as required, fill your details.
  4. Then need to get it attested by applicable government official.
  5. Mail it back to the returning officer in the printed envelope.
  6. Ensure the whole process takes less than 14 days.

Mobile voting

mobile-voting.jpg

As the name says it all, mobile voting is a type of voting system where voters can cast their vote either at home or at an institution in which they reside with a mobile. Such type of voting can help increase the accessibility of the vote for groups that would otherwise be unable to vote, maintaining the secrecy of the vote and ensuring that votes are cast without any coercion.

 Steps in Mobile Voting :

  1. You will get a sms notification with election link.
  2. Download the app / visit website.
  3. Log in using your mobile number and One Time Password(OTP).
  4. Authenticate yourself via Aadhaar OTP.
  5. Select your preferred option.
  6. Press submit.

Postal ballot

postal-ballot.jpg

Postal Ballot is a type of voting system in which ballot papers are distributed to registered voters by post instead of people coming to the polling booth or station directly to vote. These ballot papers are returned in the post or handed to a person in the elections office or at a polling station after marking the vote. 

Steps in Postal Voting :

  1. Register yourself as service personnel or election personnel.
  2. Returning officer of your constituency would send you by post- postal ballot,envelops and forms around 14-12 days in advance.
  3. You need to fill the form,  place in envelops as required, fill your details.
  4. Then need to get it attested by applicable government official.
  5. Post it back to the returning officer in the pre-printed envelope provided.
  6. Ensure the whole process takes less than 14 days.

Proxy voting

proxy-voting.jpg

A proxy voting is a type of voting system in which someone else cast a vote on the voter’s behalf. A person who is designated to vote is called a “proxy” and the person who delegates his voting authority to another is called a principal. Proxy voting is a common practice seen in large corporates and companies, especially in India as well as the United States. 

Steps in Proxy Voting :

  1. Make application to returning officer.
  2. Application needs to be attested by certain level of government official.
  3. The proxy need to submit the application to returning officer.
  4. The proxy application need to be attested by magistrate.
  5. The proxy should be:
    • Adult
    • Registered and qualified voter in the same constituency.
electronic-voting.jpg

Electronic voting

Electronic voting or eVoting leverages electronic means to either aid or take care of casting and counting votes. Generally, eVoting may use standalone electronic voting machines ( EVM) or computers connected to the Internet.

It also uses a range of internet services including the transmission of tabulated results to full-function online voting through common connectable household devices.

Internet voting

As the name suggests, internet voting is a system that allows voters to cast their vote with the help of a website or a mobile application.  Internet voting systems protect the integrity of your vote by preventing voters from being able to vote multiple times. Moreover,  they eliminate the need to gather in-person, cast votes using paper, or by any other means.

Remote voting

Remote voting is a kind of voting where the voter can vote remotely and need not visit the booth to vote. Postal voting is a type of remote voting. ePostal ballot option provided to members of armed forces in Indian elections is also a type of remote voting. Email type voting is also a kind of remote voting

However, generally remote voting term is used for internet-based voting methods where the voter can vote remotely. Paper voting at booth, EVM voting at booth or even internet-based voting at booth is not remote voting.

Mobile voting

Mobile voting can broadly be defined as a type of voting in which voters cast their vote using a mobile application. Such type of voting can help increase the accessibility of the vote for groups that would otherwise be unable to vote or travel to the voting booth.