Embracing Technology in Cooperative Society Elections: A Closer Look at Section 73CB(11)


The Maharashtra Co-operative Societies Act, 1960 enacted to regulate and facilitate the functioning of cooperative societies across Maharashtra, the Act provides a legal framework for governance, operations and dispute resolution within these societies. This framework is especially pertinent in the context of housing societies, where it defines the rights and responsibilities of members, committees and the management.


Objective and provision of Section 73CB(11)

The Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 stands as a cornerstone of governance for cooperative societies in the state. Among its provisions, Section 73CB(11) plays a crucial role in shaping the democratic processes within housing societies, particularly concerning voting procedures.

Section 73CB(11) of the Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 outlines the procedures for conducting elections in cooperative housing societies. It specifies the rules regarding voter eligibility, nomination processes for candidates, counting methods, and the minimum quorum required for meetings. This section aims to ensure transparency, fairness, and accountability in the electoral process within cooperative societies in Maharashtra.

The overarching goal of Section 73CB(11) and related provisions is to promote transparency and accountability within cooperative housing societies. By defining clear rules for voting and elections, the Act safeguards against malpractices and ensures that decisions reflect the collective will of the members.

Section 73CB(11) of the Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 includes several key provisions related to the conduct of elections in cooperative housing societies:

Voter Eligibility: Voter eligibility in cooperative housing societies requires members to be registered and in good standing with the society, meaning they have no outstanding dues or liabilities. Members must meet the age requirement specified (typically adults) and are entitled to one vote each, regardless of their shareholding. These criteria ensure that voting rights are exercised by active and compliant members, promoting fairness and accountability in cooperative governance.

Nomination Process: Members eligible to stand for elections must submit their nominations within the stipulated time frame and in the prescribed format. The process includes nominating candidates for various positions in the managing committee or other roles essential for governance. This procedure ensures that elections are conducted with transparency and allow members ample opportunity to participate in the democratic selection of their society’s leadership.

Quorum Requirements: Quorum refers to the minimum number of members who must be present at a meeting for decisions to be considered valid and binding. The exact quorum requirements can vary depending on the specific provisions outlined in the society’s by-laws or rules framed under the Act. Typically, these requirements specify a minimum percentage or number of members who need to be present physically or through proxy to constitute a quorum.

Counting of Votes: The Act outlines the method and procedure for counting votes cast during elections, emphasising accuracy and adherence to electoral rules. This includes detailing how ballots are to be collected, verified, and counted to determine the outcome of elections for various positions within the managing committee or other roles.

Dispute Resolution: Provisions for dispute resolution ensure that conflicts arising during cooperative housing society elections or meetings are addressed fairly and promptly.

These provisions are crucial for ensuring that elections within cooperative housing societies are conducted fairly, transparently, and in accordance with the law, thereby promoting democratic governance and accountability among members.


Importance of Voting

Voting forms the bedrock of democratic decision-making within cooperative housing societies. It empowers members to participate in crucial decisions affecting their community, ranging from electing managing committee members to approving budgets and resolutions.

Section 73CB(11) of the Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 specifically addresses the procedures related to voting. It outlines the guidelines and protocols that must be followed during elections and general meetings, ensuring transparency and fairness in the electoral process.



While the Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 provides a robust framework, challenges such as voter apathy or procedural complexities may still arise. Other problems such as physical appearance, cost and resource allocation, communication, proxy voting, secrecy and other malpractices like vote buying, ballot stuffing, misrepresentation and coercion may also take place. These challenges then result in the unsatisfactory voting process and results in return.


Embracing Technological Solutions: Enhancing Voting Practices in Housing Societies

Section 73CB(11) of the Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 mandates use of latest technology for voting in cooperative housing societies. In the dynamic landscape of cooperative governance, the adoption of cutting-edge technology has become a pivotal requirement for state cooperative election authorities overseeing housing society elections. This mandate stems from the imperative to enhance transparency, efficiency, and accessibility in the electoral processes of housing societies across various states.

In today’s digital era, most new technologies have come up to make voting system more accessible in an efficient way. To address the above mentioned challenges, the State Co-operative societies must adopt innovative practices such as electronic voting systems. By adopting online voting platforms and mobile apps, residents can conveniently cast their votes from anywhere, reducing the logistical challenges of physical gatherings. Biometric authentication ensures secure participation, while encryption enhances transparency and safeguards the integrity of election results. Virtual meetings enable remote participation, making it easier for all members to engage in decision-making. Compliance with legal standards, including data privacy regulations, is paramount in the adoption of these technologies to protect members’ information and maintain trust in the electoral process.

Online voting platforms, such as Right2Vote Infotech Private Limited, have emerged as groundbreaking tools that exemplify this advancement. Right2Vote is a Government of India tested, certified and approved online voting technology . Right2Vote has been tested and certified by Standardization Testing and Quality Certification (STQC) Directorate , Ministry of Electronics and Information technology (MeitY), Government of India and also approved by Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India. This platform enables cooperative society members to cast their votes conveniently and securely from any location using their mobile devices, thereby overcoming traditional logistical barriers associated with physical gatherings. Online voting on Right2Vote’s eVoting platform helps housing societies to mitigate the quorum problem too. As online voting enables members to participate from remote locations, the attendance in society meetings substantially improved. Right2Vote also offers eAGM / Online Video Conference platform for housing societies to enable more members to participate in housing society meetings.

By leveraging platforms like Right2Vote, state cooperative election authorities can streamline the voting process, enhance voter engagement, and mitigate challenges such as voter apathy and procedural complexities. The adoption of such technologies not only complies with the legal requirements outlined in Section 73CB(11) but also fosters inclusivity and accountability within cooperative societies. It empowers members to actively participate in decision-making processes, thereby strengthening democratic governance and upholding the principles of fairness and transparency in cooperative elections.



In conclusion, Section 73CB(11) of the Maharashtra Cooperative Societies Act, 1960 mandates the use of latest technology in cooperative elections, highlighting the transformative impact of government of India approved eVoting platforms like Right2Vote in enhancing the democratic fabric of housing societies across Maharashtra. Embracing these innovations is not just a legal requirement but a proactive step towards ensuring robust, secure and participatory governance in cooperative societies.


To know more about Right2Vote’s election technology, please refer: